The synagogue on Peitavas Street is one of Riga's Art Nouveau jewels and a significant cultural monument. Peitav shul is the only active synagogue in Riga.
At the end of the 19th century a Jewish parish was founded in Old Riga.
Land was bought and in 1903 a permit was issued for building a synagogue. The original project was drawn by architect Hermanis Zeiberlihs, later it was improved by Vilhelms Neimanis.
The building is designed in the Art Nouveau style with Ancient Egyptian motives.