Izbaudi Rīgu

Latvian National Opera and Ballet

Riga's White House — the Latvian National Opera and Ballet on Aspazijas bulvāris was opened in 1923; an average of six new productions are presented each year, retaining balance between opera and ballet. In total, the opera sees over 200 performances and several symphonic and chamber music concerts a season.

The very beginning of opera performances in Latvia can be traced back to the 18th century when first musical shows were staged in the Duchy of Courland and the first travelling opera troupes appeared in Riga. In 1782, Town German Theatre was opened where drama theatre, opera and ballet performances were held, also the famous German composer Richard Wagner worked there for a few years.

The origin of Latvian opera dates back to 1912, with establishing of Latvian opera under Pāvuls Jurjāns; however, the Latvian National Opera troupe first performed with Richard Wagner's “The Flying Dutchman” in the present Opera House only on January 23, 1919.

In the 1990s, the opera house underwent large-scale reconstruction and restoration of the interior, highlighting the original decorations and matching the new interior of premises to them. The construction was finished in 2001, when new complex building for technical and creative staff and the New Hall with 300 seats for realisation of wide range art projects were finished.

Saistītie pasākumi

16 Aug - 03 Sep

Festivals, Festivities

Latvian National Opera - summer performances

16 Aug - 03 Sep
During the summer season, the Latvian National Opera offers a special three-week series of performances.

Read more

23 Aug - 24 Nov

Opera, Ballet

Carmen

23 Aug - 24 Nov
At the same time celebrated and hated by her own sex, desired and punished by the opposite one, Carmen changes the world around her. The hatred she causes comes from the desire she arises...

Read more

24 Aug - 06 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Swan Lake

24 Aug - 06 Dec
Swan Lake is the ballet's ballet, and has always been an audience-favorite. This production combines the beautiful music of Tchaikovsky with the ingenious choreography of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov.

Read more

16 Aug - 03 Sep

Festivals, Festivities

Latvian National Opera - summer performances

16 Aug - 03 Sep
During the summer season, the Latvian National Opera offers a special three-week series of performances.

Read more

16 Aug - 03 Sep

Festivals, Festivities

Latvian National Opera - summer performances

16 Aug - 03 Sep
During the summer season, the Latvian National Opera offers a special three-week series of performances.

Read more

25 Aug - 27 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Yevgeniy Onegin

25 Aug - 27 Oct
Is it possible to break the mold, and act counter to what our parents and society taught us? When for example a victim becomes the tormentor, and when the tormentor becomes the savior. Director Rēzija Kalniņa makes her National Opera debut with this Tchaikovsky classic.

Read more

16 Aug - 03 Sep

Festivals, Festivities

Latvian National Opera - summer performances

16 Aug - 03 Sep
During the summer season, the Latvian National Opera offers a special three-week series of performances.

Read more

26 Aug - 08 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Ballet "At the Blue Danube"

26 Aug - 08 Dec
The beautiful music of “waltz king” Johann Strauss inspired a romantic ballet about the choice between love and the stage, dreams and reality. An der schönen blauen Donau was first performed in Riga in 1957; in the 60 years since, it has been revived numerous times and has become one of the cornerstones of the Latvian Ballet. This new production is in celebration of yet another anniversary. April 2017 marks the 110th birthday of Helēna Tangijeva-Birzniece – legendary ballerina, ballet master, instructor and producer of this ballet.

Read more

02 Sep - 25 Nov

Opera, Ballet

The Sleeping Beauty

02 Sep - 25 Nov
Princes and princesses, fairies and other heroes from fairy tales come together at Tchaikovsky's ballet featuring wonderful music and memorable story about love that overcomes all difficulties.

Read more

16 Aug - 03 Sep

Festivals, Festivities

Latvian National Opera - summer performances

16 Aug - 03 Sep
During the summer season, the Latvian National Opera offers a special three-week series of performances.

Read more

03 Sep - 09 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The Birds' Opera

03 Sep - 09 Dec
Children enter the Opera through the main doors; open the door to the large hall; sit down in the velvet chairs; and watch as the lights dim, the glow of the chandelier looking like the starry sky. The conductor raises his baton and the performance begins, telling the story of the kindhearted Doctor Doolittle, his resourceful animal friends, and the evil Mr.Dornton.

Read more

16 Aug - 03 Sep

Festivals, Festivities

Latvian National Opera - summer performances

16 Aug - 03 Sep
During the summer season, the Latvian National Opera offers a special three-week series of performances.

Read more

07 Sep

Opera, Ballet

Gala concert to open 2017 season

07 Sep
The Latvian National Opera and Ballet will open the new season with a Gala Concert, featuring many of Latvia's top opera and ballet performers, ballet dancers from the Latvian National Ballet, the Latvian National Opera Choir and Orchestra, as well as guest performers. The audience will have the opportunity to enjoy the best productions from the previous season, as well get a sneak-peak of new productions for the 2017 season.

Read more

08 Sep - 08 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Giselle

08 Sep - 08 Oct
Giselle is one of the first large ballets of the romantic period, and one of the few works of that era to have survived to the present day.

Read more

09 Sep - 20 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Le Nozze di Figaro

09 Sep - 20 Oct
The production of "Le Nozze di Figaro" will offer the inhabitants of the city, and probably also its visitors, to get to know with the famous Argentinean director and artistic director of Teatro Colon, Marcelo Lombardero, whose productions have been highly appraised by audiences and critics in South America and Europe. The production of Mozart's opera in the Latvian National Opera has been produced in the 1980s Latin American soap opera style, by creating an atmosphere full of exotic, social and erotic tension.

Read more

10 Sep - 12 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Scheherazade and her Tales

10 Sep - 12 Oct
Shahriyar, the Sultan of ancient Persia, is left bitter after being betrayed by an unfaithful wife. For this reason, each night he marries an innocent virgin, only to have her beheaded the following morning. This pattern continues until he meets his vizier’s oldest daughter, Scheherazade, who is able to conquer and soften the sultan’s hardened heart with her stories and myths...

Read more

13 Sep

Opera, Ballet

Romeo and Juliet

13 Sep
Ballet of Sergey Prokofiev, born from themes of immortal tragedy of William Shakespeare, no doubt, is one of the most popular examples of its genre in the XX century.

Read more

14 Sep - 22 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The Bat

14 Sep - 22 Dec
"Die Fledermaus" (The Bat) is Johann Strauss' most popular operetta. It is a story about a luxurious and elating world, which is ruled by luster, joy, flirt, intrigues, and surprises.

Read more

15 Sep - 17 Nov

Opera, Ballet

La Bayadère

15 Sep - 17 Nov
For the first time, Latvian National Opera will stage the ballet La Bayadère by French choreographer Marius Petipa to the music of Ludwig Minkus.

Read more

16 Sep

Opera, Ballet

Madama Butterfly

16 Sep
This revival of Madama Butterfly offers the unique opportunity to enjoy the beauty of the LNO's original 1925 production: the original set and costume design, as well as the basic structure of the direction, have been preserved.

Read more

26 Aug - 08 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Ballet "At the Blue Danube"

26 Aug - 08 Dec
The beautiful music of “waltz king” Johann Strauss inspired a romantic ballet about the choice between love and the stage, dreams and reality. An der schönen blauen Donau was first performed in Riga in 1957; in the 60 years since, it has been revived numerous times and has become one of the cornerstones of the Latvian Ballet. This new production is in celebration of yet another anniversary. April 2017 marks the 110th birthday of Helēna Tangijeva-Birzniece – legendary ballerina, ballet master, instructor and producer of this ballet.

Read more

28 Sep - 17 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera - the Rose of Turaida

28 Sep - 17 Dec
The Rose of Turaida, an opera by Zigmars Liepiņš and with the libretto by Kaspars Dimiters, is a musically and theatrically fresh remake of the opera No Rozes un Asinīm (From Rose and Blood). It’s a story about the events of 1620, during which the protagonists continue to live out their passions – a story that moved conductor Mārtiņš Ozoliņš and director Ināra Slucka to portray this melodious drama as a timeless legend about Maija’s love and loyalty.

Read more

28 Sep - 17 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera - the Rose of Turaida

28 Sep - 17 Dec
The Rose of Turaida, an opera by Zigmars Liepiņš and with the libretto by Kaspars Dimiters, is a musically and theatrically fresh remake of the opera No Rozes un Asinīm (From Rose and Blood). It’s a story about the events of 1620, during which the protagonists continue to live out their passions – a story that moved conductor Mārtiņš Ozoliņš and director Ināra Slucka to portray this melodious drama as a timeless legend about Maija’s love and loyalty.

Read more

30 Sep - 02 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The little magic flute

30 Sep - 02 Dec
This innovative, new production was created by director Margo Zālīte with our younger audiences in mind.

Read more

28 Sep - 17 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera - the Rose of Turaida

28 Sep - 17 Dec
The Rose of Turaida, an opera by Zigmars Liepiņš and with the libretto by Kaspars Dimiters, is a musically and theatrically fresh remake of the opera No Rozes un Asinīm (From Rose and Blood). It’s a story about the events of 1620, during which the protagonists continue to live out their passions – a story that moved conductor Mārtiņš Ozoliņš and director Ināra Slucka to portray this melodious drama as a timeless legend about Maija’s love and loyalty.

Read more

24 Aug - 06 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Swan Lake

24 Aug - 06 Dec
Swan Lake is the ballet's ballet, and has always been an audience-favorite. This production combines the beautiful music of Tchaikovsky with the ingenious choreography of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov.

Read more

04 Oct - 20 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera "Tannhäuser"

04 Oct - 20 Dec
In Richard Wagner’s masterpiece, Tannhäuser draws his artistic inspiration from experiencing polar opposites: the pleasure he experiences in an underground grotto, and the asceticism he experiences on his pilgrimage to Rome. He also loves women who are polar opposites to one another, and searches for a way to combine these two opposites to form a unified whole: Tannhäuser wants the sensual Venus to have Elisabeth’s chastity, whereas he wants the chaste Elisabeth to have Venus’s sensuousness. Stage Director Vilppu Kiljunen tells about his production: My approach to the staging was built around a central question: the conditions that make love and loving possible in a cultural context, where the idea and role of a woman is violently divided into that of a saint or a whore.

Read more

16 Aug - 16 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Ballet: "Peer Gynt"

16 Aug - 16 Dec
Henrik Ibsen's world famous dramatic poem (1867) is the basis for this new full-length ballet. The plot centers on the adventurous Peer Gynt, having gone off into the world in search of .... , finally returns home a mature man where his beloved Solweig has waited for him. Will this courtship be Peer's last adventure? The illustrious Slovenian choreographer Edward Klug has modernized the proceedings and chooses elements of irony, absurdism and surrealism as his main tools of expression, all set to Edvard Grieg's lilting melodies.

Read more

23 Aug - 24 Nov

Opera, Ballet

Carmen

23 Aug - 24 Nov
At the same time celebrated and hated by her own sex, desired and punished by the opposite one, Carmen changes the world around her. The hatred she causes comes from the desire she arises...

Read more

08 Sep - 08 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Giselle

08 Sep - 08 Oct
Giselle is one of the first large ballets of the romantic period, and one of the few works of that era to have survived to the present day.

Read more

10 Sep - 12 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Scheherazade and her Tales

10 Sep - 12 Oct
Shahriyar, the Sultan of ancient Persia, is left bitter after being betrayed by an unfaithful wife. For this reason, each night he marries an innocent virgin, only to have her beheaded the following morning. This pattern continues until he meets his vizier’s oldest daughter, Scheherazade, who is able to conquer and soften the sultan’s hardened heart with her stories and myths...

Read more

14 Sep - 22 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The Bat

14 Sep - 22 Dec
"Die Fledermaus" (The Bat) is Johann Strauss' most popular operetta. It is a story about a luxurious and elating world, which is ruled by luster, joy, flirt, intrigues, and surprises.

Read more

26 Aug - 08 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Ballet "At the Blue Danube"

26 Aug - 08 Dec
The beautiful music of “waltz king” Johann Strauss inspired a romantic ballet about the choice between love and the stage, dreams and reality. An der schönen blauen Donau was first performed in Riga in 1957; in the 60 years since, it has been revived numerous times and has become one of the cornerstones of the Latvian Ballet. This new production is in celebration of yet another anniversary. April 2017 marks the 110th birthday of Helēna Tangijeva-Birzniece – legendary ballerina, ballet master, instructor and producer of this ballet.

Read more

15 Oct - 26 Nov

Opera, Ballet

Ballet Performance "Karlsson Flies…"

15 Oct - 26 Nov
Is there anyone who does not know Karlsson who lives on the roof — the best playmate in the world? The chubby little man with a propeller on his back is one of the most famous characters from the books by Astrid Lindgren, who is adored by both children and grown-ups. Now his adventures can also be seen at a ballet performance!

Read more

18 Oct - 13 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Faust

18 Oct - 13 Dec
Dr. Faust is sinking into depression despite his many years, and the promise made to mysterious Mephistopheles - all his wishes granted in exchange for his soul. Charles Gounod's marvelous opera, based on the Goethe tragedy, had its world premiere back in Paris in 1859. Here and now, director Aik Karapetyan offers late-Gothic mileau, with touches of German Expressionism, including silent movies. "However, this does not mean a production that will be 'hopelessly serious," the director is quick to explain.

Read more

18 Aug - 19 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Bolero

18 Aug - 19 Oct
French composer Maurice Ravel once joked: I have written a masterpiece. Unfortunately, there is no music in it.

Read more

09 Sep - 20 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Le Nozze di Figaro

09 Sep - 20 Oct
The production of "Le Nozze di Figaro" will offer the inhabitants of the city, and probably also its visitors, to get to know with the famous Argentinean director and artistic director of Teatro Colon, Marcelo Lombardero, whose productions have been highly appraised by audiences and critics in South America and Europe. The production of Mozart's opera in the Latvian National Opera has been produced in the 1980s Latin American soap opera style, by creating an atmosphere full of exotic, social and erotic tension.

Read more

02 Sep - 25 Nov

Opera, Ballet

The Sleeping Beauty

02 Sep - 25 Nov
Princes and princesses, fairies and other heroes from fairy tales come together at Tchaikovsky's ballet featuring wonderful music and memorable story about love that overcomes all difficulties.

Read more

28 Sep - 17 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera - the Rose of Turaida

28 Sep - 17 Dec
The Rose of Turaida, an opera by Zigmars Liepiņš and with the libretto by Kaspars Dimiters, is a musically and theatrically fresh remake of the opera No Rozes un Asinīm (From Rose and Blood). It’s a story about the events of 1620, during which the protagonists continue to live out their passions – a story that moved conductor Mārtiņš Ozoliņš and director Ināra Slucka to portray this melodious drama as a timeless legend about Maija’s love and loyalty.

Read more

25 Oct

Opera, Ballet

"iemūrētie"/"The Immured"

25 Oct
Composer Ēriks Ešenvalds' opera - a saga about the new National Library - and the victim without whom nothing truly major can be wrought. A legend of and for our times based on the folklore of several European countries, and contemporary Latvian society.The saga's heroes are artists and bricklayers, librarians and politicians, and depicted are their loves, treachery, faith and duty.

Read more

24 Aug - 06 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Swan Lake

24 Aug - 06 Dec
Swan Lake is the ballet's ballet, and has always been an audience-favorite. This production combines the beautiful music of Tchaikovsky with the ingenious choreography of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov.

Read more

25 Aug - 27 Oct

Opera, Ballet

Yevgeniy Onegin

25 Aug - 27 Oct
Is it possible to break the mold, and act counter to what our parents and society taught us? When for example a victim becomes the tormentor, and when the tormentor becomes the savior. Director Rēzija Kalniņa makes her National Opera debut with this Tchaikovsky classic.

Read more

28 Oct - 16 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Musical "The Sound of Music"

28 Oct - 16 Dec
Meet the joyful Maria, Captain von Trapp and his children, and other characters from Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein's world-famous musical "The Sound of Music", in a concert for the entire family at the Latvian National Opera!

Read more

28 Oct - 14 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Raymonda

28 Oct - 14 Dec
This work by genius Marius Petipa represents the artist’s rebirth in the twilight of his life. The Master created "Raymonda" at the age of 80 as the quintessence of his rich life.

Read more

03 Sep - 09 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The Birds' Opera

03 Sep - 09 Dec
Children enter the Opera through the main doors; open the door to the large hall; sit down in the velvet chairs; and watch as the lights dim, the glow of the chandelier looking like the starry sky. The conductor raises his baton and the performance begins, telling the story of the kindhearted Doctor Doolittle, his resourceful animal friends, and the evil Mr.Dornton.

Read more

30 Sep - 02 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The little magic flute

30 Sep - 02 Dec
This innovative, new production was created by director Margo Zālīte with our younger audiences in mind.

Read more

28 Oct - 16 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Musical "The Sound of Music"

28 Oct - 16 Dec
Meet the joyful Maria, Captain von Trapp and his children, and other characters from Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein's world-famous musical "The Sound of Music", in a concert for the entire family at the Latvian National Opera!

Read more

17 Aug - 07 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera "La Traviata"

17 Aug - 07 Dec
Opera in 3 acts by Giuseppe Verdi. In Italian with surtitles in Latvian and in English.

Read more

15 Sep - 17 Nov

Opera, Ballet

La Bayadère

15 Sep - 17 Nov
For the first time, Latvian National Opera will stage the ballet La Bayadère by French choreographer Marius Petipa to the music of Ludwig Minkus.

Read more

18 Oct - 13 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Faust

18 Oct - 13 Dec
Dr. Faust is sinking into depression despite his many years, and the promise made to mysterious Mephistopheles - all his wishes granted in exchange for his soul. Charles Gounod's marvelous opera, based on the Goethe tragedy, had its world premiere back in Paris in 1859. Here and now, director Aik Karapetyan offers late-Gothic mileau, with touches of German Expressionism, including silent movies. "However, this does not mean a production that will be 'hopelessly serious," the director is quick to explain.

Read more

23 Aug - 24 Nov

Opera, Ballet

Carmen

23 Aug - 24 Nov
At the same time celebrated and hated by her own sex, desired and punished by the opposite one, Carmen changes the world around her. The hatred she causes comes from the desire she arises...

Read more

02 Sep - 25 Nov

Opera, Ballet

The Sleeping Beauty

02 Sep - 25 Nov
Princes and princesses, fairies and other heroes from fairy tales come together at Tchaikovsky's ballet featuring wonderful music and memorable story about love that overcomes all difficulties.

Read more

15 Oct - 26 Nov

Opera, Ballet

Ballet Performance "Karlsson Flies…"

15 Oct - 26 Nov
Is there anyone who does not know Karlsson who lives on the roof — the best playmate in the world? The chubby little man with a propeller on his back is one of the most famous characters from the books by Astrid Lindgren, who is adored by both children and grown-ups. Now his adventures can also be seen at a ballet performance!

Read more

30 Sep - 02 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The little magic flute

30 Sep - 02 Dec
This innovative, new production was created by director Margo Zālīte with our younger audiences in mind.

Read more

24 Aug - 06 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Swan Lake

24 Aug - 06 Dec
Swan Lake is the ballet's ballet, and has always been an audience-favorite. This production combines the beautiful music of Tchaikovsky with the ingenious choreography of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov.

Read more

17 Aug - 07 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera "La Traviata"

17 Aug - 07 Dec
Opera in 3 acts by Giuseppe Verdi. In Italian with surtitles in Latvian and in English.

Read more

26 Aug - 08 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Ballet "At the Blue Danube"

26 Aug - 08 Dec
The beautiful music of “waltz king” Johann Strauss inspired a romantic ballet about the choice between love and the stage, dreams and reality. An der schönen blauen Donau was first performed in Riga in 1957; in the 60 years since, it has been revived numerous times and has become one of the cornerstones of the Latvian Ballet. This new production is in celebration of yet another anniversary. April 2017 marks the 110th birthday of Helēna Tangijeva-Birzniece – legendary ballerina, ballet master, instructor and producer of this ballet.

Read more

03 Sep - 09 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The Birds' Opera

03 Sep - 09 Dec
Children enter the Opera through the main doors; open the door to the large hall; sit down in the velvet chairs; and watch as the lights dim, the glow of the chandelier looking like the starry sky. The conductor raises his baton and the performance begins, telling the story of the kindhearted Doctor Doolittle, his resourceful animal friends, and the evil Mr.Dornton.

Read more

18 Oct - 13 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Faust

18 Oct - 13 Dec
Dr. Faust is sinking into depression despite his many years, and the promise made to mysterious Mephistopheles - all his wishes granted in exchange for his soul. Charles Gounod's marvelous opera, based on the Goethe tragedy, had its world premiere back in Paris in 1859. Here and now, director Aik Karapetyan offers late-Gothic mileau, with touches of German Expressionism, including silent movies. "However, this does not mean a production that will be 'hopelessly serious," the director is quick to explain.

Read more

28 Oct - 14 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Raymonda

28 Oct - 14 Dec
This work by genius Marius Petipa represents the artist’s rebirth in the twilight of his life. The Master created "Raymonda" at the age of 80 as the quintessence of his rich life.

Read more

28 Oct - 16 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Musical "The Sound of Music"

28 Oct - 16 Dec
Meet the joyful Maria, Captain von Trapp and his children, and other characters from Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein's world-famous musical "The Sound of Music", in a concert for the entire family at the Latvian National Opera!

Read more

16 Aug - 16 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Ballet: "Peer Gynt"

16 Aug - 16 Dec
Henrik Ibsen's world famous dramatic poem (1867) is the basis for this new full-length ballet. The plot centers on the adventurous Peer Gynt, having gone off into the world in search of .... , finally returns home a mature man where his beloved Solweig has waited for him. Will this courtship be Peer's last adventure? The illustrious Slovenian choreographer Edward Klug has modernized the proceedings and chooses elements of irony, absurdism and surrealism as his main tools of expression, all set to Edvard Grieg's lilting melodies.

Read more

28 Sep - 17 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera - the Rose of Turaida

28 Sep - 17 Dec
The Rose of Turaida, an opera by Zigmars Liepiņš and with the libretto by Kaspars Dimiters, is a musically and theatrically fresh remake of the opera No Rozes un Asinīm (From Rose and Blood). It’s a story about the events of 1620, during which the protagonists continue to live out their passions – a story that moved conductor Mārtiņš Ozoliņš and director Ināra Slucka to portray this melodious drama as a timeless legend about Maija’s love and loyalty.

Read more

04 Oct - 20 Dec

Opera, Ballet

Opera "Tannhäuser"

04 Oct - 20 Dec
In Richard Wagner’s masterpiece, Tannhäuser draws his artistic inspiration from experiencing polar opposites: the pleasure he experiences in an underground grotto, and the asceticism he experiences on his pilgrimage to Rome. He also loves women who are polar opposites to one another, and searches for a way to combine these two opposites to form a unified whole: Tannhäuser wants the sensual Venus to have Elisabeth’s chastity, whereas he wants the chaste Elisabeth to have Venus’s sensuousness. Stage Director Vilppu Kiljunen tells about his production: My approach to the staging was built around a central question: the conditions that make love and loving possible in a cultural context, where the idea and role of a woman is violently divided into that of a saint or a whore.

Read more

14 Sep - 22 Dec

Opera, Ballet

The Bat

14 Sep - 22 Dec
"Die Fledermaus" (The Bat) is Johann Strauss' most popular operetta. It is a story about a luxurious and elating world, which is ruled by luster, joy, flirt, intrigues, and surprises.

Read more